Mostrando artículos por etiqueta: technology
This report examines digitalisation’s effects on science, technology and innovation and the associated consequences for policy. In varied and far-reaching ways, digital technologies are changing how scientists work, collaborate and publish. While examining these developments, this book also assesses the effects of digitalisation on longstanding policy themes, from access to publicly funded research data, to the diffusion of technology and its absorption by firms. New and emerging topics are also explored. These include the roles of artificial intelligence and blockchain in science and production, using digital technology to draw on the collective intelligence of the scientific community, advances in the digitalisation of biotechnology, and possible "dark sides" of digitalisation.
- Dirección URL http://www.oecd.org/going-digital/education-and-skills-in-bridging-the-digital-gender-divide-evidence-from-apec.pdf?utm_source=Adestra&utm_medium=email&utm_content=Download%20the%20report%20%28pdf%29&utm_campaign=OECD%20Science%2C%20Technology%20%26%20Innovation%20News%2002%2F2020&utm_term=demo
- Autor OCDE
- Año de publicacion 2020
This report covers publicly funded data for science, technology and innovation (STI). This includes both public-sector information (PSI) 1 used for research and innovation, and data produced by publicly funded research. It does not cover private-sector data – although they can be useful to science, because they raise policy issues of a different nature, such as the discussion of what data sets need to be shared due to public interest.
- Dirección URL https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/sites/947717bc-en/index.html?itemId=/content/publication/947717bc-en
- Autor OCDE
- Año de publicacion 2020
Science, Technology, and the Politics of Knowledge: The Case of China’s Agricultural Technology Demonstration Centers in Africa
Agricultural Technology Demonstration Centre (ATDC) has been considered as an alternative model to pursue sustainability of Chinese foreign aid to African countries in the new era. This paper attempts to examine the ATDC scheme, particularly focus on the knowledge construction at macro level of design and the knowledge encounter at micro level of daily operation based on the case studies in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique. Our study finds multiple facets of the ATDC, i.e., the cleavage between the macro-level of policy design and micro level of implementation realities; the interplay between knowledge and politics, and appearance of possible alternative development pathways stimulated by ATDCs in African countries. The paper argues that even though the ATDC is a technology-centered scheme, it is inevitably a social and political process in implementation, resulting in the discontinuity of the policy results. With a whole set of ideas and imaginaries being delivered, frustrated, and negotiated, the ATDC creates a very different vision to the established CG system, or the western bilateral aid programs. As an embodiment of a ‘‘traveling technocratic rationality”, the ATDCs are important sites for negotiations over knowledge a and politics, and the meanings of aid, investment, and development, as part of the wider playing out of China’s engagement in Africa.
- Dirección URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292209081_Science_Technology_and_the_Politics_of_Knowledge_The_Case_of_China's_Agricultural_Technology_Demonstration_Centers_in_Africa
- Autor "XIULI XUa, XIAOYUN LI a, GUBO QI a, LIXIA TANGa and LANGTON MUKWEREZAb,* a China Agricultural University, Beijing, PR China b Research for Development Trust, Harare, Zimbabwe"
- Año de publicacion 2016
After some general remarks, this paper presents a brief overview of the relationships among science technology and politics. This is followed by an examination of the seven most important technological revolutions of the past five centuries, laying a foundation for consideration of recent trends in US Research and Development and our investments within them. The paper concludes with an examination of the impact of President George W. Bush’s proposed budget for science and technology in the 2002 fiscal year. This paper is based on the Sheffield Lecture delivered by Dr. Bromley at Yale University, March 22, 2001.
- Dirección URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0160791X01000392
- Autor D.Allan Bromley
- Año de publicacion 2002